Medical detox takes from two to fourteen days and is overseen by medical personnel. The intention of this procedure is to ensure that the patient safely withdraws from their drug of choice, and that their body is purged of all lingering drug residues. The process requires time and may also involve medications to help the patient manage cravings. Baltimore Addiction Rehab can direct you to a quality detox facility. Simply call (410) 352-4440 today to learn more.
The Standards of Medical Detox
The actual process of detoxification is very simple. Patients move into a residential facility where they are given a bed and a basic set of home-like amenities—chairs, tables, television sets, and so forth. Here, they spend as much time as necessary for their bodies to naturally rid themselves of substances. As the body returns to homeostasis, withdrawal symptoms kick in, and they can be both excruciatingly painful and life-threatening. Detox facilities serve to lessen the impact of withdrawal on a patient’s health and remove physical dependency from the equation.
Medications are not always necessary during detox, but in cases where opioid narcotics or heroin are present, they prove vital. Drugs such as Suboxone are used to gradually “step down” the patient’s opioid dependency and reduce their tolerance without incurring cravings or withdrawal symptoms. For alcohol detox, drugs such as Antabuse result in unpleasant physical symptoms for patients if they take another drink of alcohol. Whatever the intended use of the meds—deterrence or craving management—the intent remains the same: to stave off withdrawal symptoms and ensure the patient’s safety as their bodies acclimate to sobriety. The added benefit of supervised detox is that is that the patient receives round-the-clock care and supervision from qualified medical personnel.
Detox and Withdrawal
Each person is an individual. Every person has a unique reaction to their drug of choice, and likewise, they will react differently to detox and rehabilitation. This is just another reason that medical detox is so much more preferable to trying to quit “cold turkey”—the medical supervision which comes with clinical detox may save someone’s life. Alcohol withdrawal in particular can be fatal if left untreated: convulsions, delirium tremens (DTs), and hallucinations may prove too much for an individual to handle. Heroin and opioid withdrawal, while not deadly, is extremely unpleasant. It’s essential that a person who has used drugs for a long period of time, or has used them intensively over a short period of time, seek detoxification services at a qualified center to guarantee their physical and mental health.
Frequently-encountered withdrawal symptoms may include:
- Alcohol: Cardiovascular problems such as arrhythmia, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, and even cardiac arrest may result. Depression, psychosis, irritability, and aggression have all been reported side effects of alcohol withdrawal. Sweating, nausea, vomiting, and dementia may also occur.
- Cocaine: Anger, extreme fatigue, irrational fear, drowsiness, emotional agitation, and paranoiac behavior.
- Methamphetamines: Since methamphetamine is a stimulant, withdrawal symptoms include tiredness, insomnia, depression, sweating, anger, anxiousness, out-of-control cravings, and thoughts of self-harm.
- Heroin: Like many other opiate substances, quitting heroin results in nausea, vomiting, loose stool, cramps, twitches, nervousness, lowered blood pressure, and sweating.
Why is Detox Important?
The reason detox is so vital to a safe recovery is that it gives the patient a calm, relaxing, secluded environment in which to start the recovery process. Here, they are free of all temptation and separated from any negative or unhealthy influences in their former lives. The ultimate goal of the treatment program is lasting sobriety, and this journey begins in detox, ridding the body of physical dependence. To find out more about detox programs or to ask questions about the rehab process as a whole, contact Baltimore Addiction Rehab‘s helpful representatives at (410) 352-4440 .